Assessment of Sustainable Food Diversification Development Model in West Java, Indonesia
E.Herman Khaeron, Yuyun Y.AS, Sudarjat, Tuhpawana P. Sendjaja
Food diversification is often doubtful as population increases in a faster rate than food productivity. Not to mention land transformation and environmental issues, which are hampering agriculture? Thus, food security cannot be achieved by only relying on import and food diversification policies. There are many food diversification policies that have been legalized and adopted in Indonesia. However, due to flaws in its formulation and dissemination processes, most of them ended up in the desks. This article aims to assess a more sustainable food diversification development model, which guarantees food security. The program’s performance, dominant influencing elements, and models were analysed by using SEM. 500 respondents spread all over West Java were interviewed in order to gain required information and data. The results showed that the level of food diversification in West Java is considered high. Nevertheless, there are biases which were caused by food import and diverse consumption behaviour. That said, production and distribution diversification based on local food is getting feeble. Biases were also found in consumption behaviour, which is mixed between rice and flour. Whereas for maize and tuber, although it has high production level, maize and tuber are mostly produced for animal feed and raw material for bioenergy. Cultural value of local food production, distribution, and consumption is diminishing both internally (from the society) and externally. A sustainable food diversification model is then suggested to be based on democracy and community.
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