Assessment of Regional Sustainable Development in Indonesia
Bachril Bakri, Ernan Rustiadi, Akhmad Fauzi, Soeryo Adiwibowo
Since the end of centralistic governance under Soeharto’s administration in 1999, Indonesia has adopted a decentralized governance system to deliver national and regional development. The legal basis for this system has been revised three times over the last fifteen years. The current Law No. 23/2014 on regional autonomy has focused on sharing governmental duties between national and local governments (provincial/regencies). In this law emphasize providing basic services to people and pay less attention to the sustainable development framework. However, as Indonesia has adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it is crucial to bring these agendas into regional development in Indonesia. This paper attempts to address this issue by analyzing the degree of sustainable development components (i.e., economic, social, and environmental issues) at the provincial level using the FLAG approach based on three scenarios of development. The results show that regional development at the provincial level remains far away from achieving sustainable development. Lessons learned are drawn from this study for policy improvement in Indonesia.
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