International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online)

Jordanian Citizens’ Trends towards Women’s Social, Economic and Political rights in (Karak, Tafieleh and Maan) Governorates* (A field Study 2016)
Dr. Mohammed Nasarat, Dr. Naser Abu-Zaiton, Dr. Aida Abu-Tayeh, Dr. Anwar Aljazi

Abstract
The study aimed at identifying "Jordanians’ trends in term of knowledge of social, economic, civil and political rights of women in Karak, Tafileh, Ma'an governorates, discovering the opportunities to exercise women's social, economic, civil, and political rights, and detecting the obstacles that prevent women from exercising these rights. A stratified sample of females and males between 18 and 65 years old, in total 1155 members of the community, were interviewed for the study. Data was collected between the period between Februay and July 2016. A questionnaire was designed by academics to collect data related to the study. In data analysis, the study relied on a descriptive analytical approach. The results have shown that: the percentage of knowledge of the study sample regarding women's social, economic, civil, and political rights is 71%, where the proportion of knowledge regarding social and economic rights is 73% and regarding the civil and political rights is 68%. The general average of the chances of women to exercise all of their rights whether social, economic, civil, and political reached a score of 3.68 out of ten. The questionnaire shows that the highest chances are related to exercising the civil and political rights (3.74), compared to social and economic rights (3.63). As for the obstacles that hinder women from exercising their rights, the most reported obstacle is "customs and traditions", then favoritism and nepotism, all in a cultural social context. Correlations demonstrated that practicing social, economic, civil, and political rights successfully depending on gender in favor of males, as well as the educational level in favor of undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. The study also found that persons working in the public sector were more likely to have better knowledge of rights This study highlights the importance of raising awareness in the fields of social and economic aspects of women’s rights, as well as conducting further scientific studies related to the empowerment of women's rights in all fields.

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