International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online)

Seven Ethical Requirements for Quantitative and Qualitative Research in Nursing: Experiences of Three Research Ethics Committees from Santiago
Chile Irene Acevedo Pérez, María Eugenia Rapiman, Marianella Cáneo Orellana, Laura Rueda Castro

Abstract
Scientific research is one of the tools that strengthen the nursing discipline by generating new knowledge, which provides theoretical support and contributes the necessary evidence to improve nursing care performance of health professionals in all their practical and theoretical activities. Subsequent to the historical events related with research on human beings performed during the 20th century, in which researchers favored the search of new knowledge and were particularly concerned with achieving their scientific successes rather than taking care of the well-being of the individual study patient, brought about the first laws, codes and a bill of rights to regulate research from an ethical point of view. Their purpose was to avoid actions or situations which could attempt against the basic principles of respect to the human dignity.

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