International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Fostering Main Idea Comprehension among EFL Learners through Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies
Dr. Sujunya Wilawan

This article focuses mainly on the combined application of cognitive and metacognitive processing strategies to improve EFL readers’ main idea comprehension. In order to be competent and more successful in deriving the central theme of text, EFL students need assistance in promoting both categories of reading processes. Building on previous research, this article argues that, for EFL students, additional support in knowledge and skills in the foundational elements of text understanding at the lower level is often necessary in the process of constructing main ideas. Of equal importance are higher-level cognitive processes and metacognitive strategies. The article indicates some possible guidelines for teaching main idea comprehension at each level of processing. Some modifications to strategy instruction are also recommended to suit the needs of EFL readers.

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