International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Factors Affecting the Foreign Political Behaviors in Jordan on its Strategic Position in the Middle East, and Especially its Conflict and Peace Process with Israel during the 1990s.
Dr. Ghazi Saleh Nahar, Dr. Rima Lutfi abu humaidan

On October26, 1994, Jordan signed the peace treaty with Israel. Since then, the two sides have made some progress toward implementing their accord. Official relations between the two sides have advanced. But the emerging bilateral relationship is not, however, without difficulties. Significant differences concerning both political and economic interests led to arduous negotiations in several areas, particularly trade and transport. Research Purpose: The purpose of this article is to shows how various elements in Jordan society create domestic obstacles and internal opposition that weaken Jordan's bargaining position toward other Arab countries and Israel. Treating domestic parameters in this country as a given, the researcher argue that Jordanian governments and leaders can hardly use this weakness to manipulate information in the bargaining process, because regional countries can observe Jordan's internal processes. This study explores several key issues concerning the process’ dimensions, limitations, and future relations between Jordan. Design/methodology/approach: - The paper explores the theoretical and historical link to the structure and functioning of the elements affecting the Jordanian policy towards peace with Israel. Research limitation / implications: - The present study provides a starting point for further research in the development of the peace process in the Middle East. Findings: The paper concludes that the peace process in the Middle East remained a neglected area. From the conclusions of the study it can be derived also that, although in previous few years some progress has been made, there is still a series of issues that can only be resolved, in the author's opinion, with practical application on the part of firms over time. These issues, both on a regional level and in Jordan, are: how to overcome the internal obstacles; what efforts should include overcoming these obstacles. Originality/value: - The study provides an insight into perceptions about reasons effecting Jordan's peace policy towards Israel, in the conflicting region, which needed more researches. It provides also, an evaluation of what is presently being done, and proposes ways through which the peace contribution could be enhanced in order to help more people in need.

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