International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Dimensions of Various Public Participation Schemes in Natural Resource Management: A Review of the Discourse on Participation and who’s Impact?
UKAEJIOFO Rex Uzonna, Prof. Dilek Bostan BUDAK

Community based natural resources management programs are based on the assumptions that peasants have a greater interest and by so can coordinate their own affairs effectively either by local or traditional forms of process and or practices. The assumptions that stakeholder participation could lead to better management and practices has also been established mainly through case studies and a few studies aiming at establishing it empirically. So many program aimed at strengthening capacity for peasants to manage sustainably their own resources has been ongoing in several plains, in various contexts and executed. But peasants would argue not in their own terms. This paper highlights various schemes in managing natural resource and the attendant local-level stakeholder participation in natural resource management accessing the challenges, conflicts and defining a more logical path for peasants to be better involved in the ensuing dialogue on how best to manage their own resources to deliver more on gains of pro- poor programs. We suggest some of these ideas by the degree of local participation, ranging from no local stakeholder participation to programs undertaken solely by professional actors to an entirely local stakeholder effort undertaken by peasants. The paper seeks to identify and establish the most relevant of schemes undertaken in the past to develop methods that are best suited for greater impact in driving sustainable natural resource management practices from reviewing all the dimensions taken by synthesizing cases on natural resource management schemes.

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