International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Women Educatıon in Turkey: A Meta Analysis Study
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erdoğan KÖSE

Human being is naturally represented by both genders having the same characteristics. These two genders differ in terms of some features relative to life. They are separated as women-men in terms of the tasks undertaken by them besides some of features inherent. In addition, the tasks undertaken by women and men can be differentiating traditionally from society to society. Men and women rolls in the historical process have remained virtually as a part of culture in every society. Institutions such as religion, traditions, moral, family structure became a predictor for women and men roles. Turkey is an interesting example, from the aspect of the position of women, because it is a country which is influenced by all the contradictions of globalization and traditions. First of all, the great majority of the population in Turkey is Moslem. Today, women are observed in the forefront of various echelons of the administration of the state. However, there are still inequalities between women and men, and also between women from different sectors of society, in accessing important development sources, such as education, health and employment. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to investigate the past and current situation of women’s education in Turkey in terms of different fields. For this purpose, education of some countries was also comparatively examined in terms of women’s education, by considering the statistical numbers. The meta analysis method was used throughout the study. It is a statistical technique for combining the findings from independent studies. The researcher investigated many studies with regard to the statistical numbers regarding the education of women in Turkey, as well as other selected countries, in terms of women and health, women and family, women and education, women and professional life, women and politics…etc. The findings clarified that despite the objective situations, women in Turkey have played a vital role in professional life considering the numbers in several independent studies. Although the numbers regarding the professional life and education of women in Turkey seemed to be higher than other Islamic countries, it is still not enough to reach the modern western world. The findings showed that the women’s education should be more considered by acknowledging “positive discrimination” in women.

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