International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Construction of a Socio Economic Status Scale for Rural Youth in Southwest Nigeria
Olaniyi, O.A.

The need to develop an appropriate scale for measuring the Socio economic Status (SES) of rural youth who are important segment of Nigerian population necessitated this study. Multistage sampling technique was adopted in the choosing of four hundred and fifty – five (455) rural youth from Oyo and Osun state of South west Nigeria respectively. Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis was used to determine items that are valid for inclusion in the scale using the sigma scoring method. Out of seventy – five collated items for measuring SES, only 38 are valid for determining the SES of rural youth in the study area. The respondents’ SES is positively skewed with mean 155.3 with minimum and maximum score of 106 and 211 respectively. The study concluded that programme of change for rural youth should concentrate more on improving the SES of rural youth in order to reduce the menace of rural – urban migration among rural youth in the study area.

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