International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Household Livelihood Strategies in Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park Maros District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia
Sitti Rahbiah Busaeri, Darmawan Salman, Imam Mujahidin Fahmid, Yusran

The way of life of forest environmental services utilization and make economic, social and cultural function. Establishment of the National Park Bantimurung Bulusaraung cause social problems including decreased social welfare status as a result of limited public access to forests. The study was conducted in the village Samangki as special zone and Labuaja Village as traditional zones in November 2013 until January 2014. This study aims to identify the activity of fulfillment living, economic embeddedness level, and household livelihood strategies in the national park. Data was collected through a survey method. Activities meeting the needs of households living in and around the forest area covers activities in the planting paddy and crops, gardening, farming, livestock, cultivating, picking pecans, making brown sugar, take honey, make traditional wine "ballo" and mining. Level embeddedness before established as a national park is high level (overembeddedness). Change the status of a national park resulted embeddedness household and community levels in and around the forest area on the wane because each activity outside the region (underembeddedness). The entire farm households using multiple livelihood strategies for income from agricultural activities have not been able to make ends meet by working as construction workers, merchants, drivers and some other types of employment. Some households do that migration strategies to work as construction workers, teachers, employees in Makassar city, trades and gardening in Kalimantan and Papua, and became migrant workers in Malaysia. Choice of work by employment opportunities and relationships that are less and the low level of education.

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