International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Analysis of Rural Livelihood Challenges and Options under Climate Change Pressure in Kenya
Rael J.Taiy, Christopher Onyango, Kibet Ngetich, Agnes Nkurumwa, Rhoda Birech, Bernhard Freyer, Patrick Ooro

Agriculture is the backbone of the Kenyan economy and it is the sector most hit by climate change as it is largely rain fed. This paper explores climate change challenges and adaptation strategies that may be applied in smallholder crop production systems, followed by an analysis of household adaptation capacity. Gender issues in climate change mitigation and adaptation are discussed as well as a narrative on expert and farmer perspectives of climate change challenges. The analysis is based on review of scientific and grey literature from various sources and knowledge from national and international research and advisory organizations visited. To triangulate the findings, farmers and stakeholders were engaged through participatory fora to obtain an insight into local and regional knowledge. The paper proposes coordinated collaboration and partnership to tackle climate change in a manner that will enhance the capacity of farmers to adapt.

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