International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Ethnic Identity, Social Inequality, and Land Disputes in the Kpandai District of Ghana
Ahmed Baba Yahaya

This paper analysed social identity and inequality among ethnic groups in Kpandai, in the Northern Region of Ghana. Employing descriptive research design, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data for the study. The finding reveals that ownership of land is conceived to be synonymous with ethnic identity and traditional authority whiles the inability to own land leads to social inequality and conflict amongst the two ethnic groups. In this respect, the Nawuris who are unable to own land conceive themselves as suffering identity crises and socially disadvantaged. Accordingly, whiles the Nawuris are craving for redistribution of land in order to establish their identity and subsequently achieve sovereignty; the Gonjas want to maintain the status quo. It is recommended that inter ethnic marriages and government intervention can resolve the conflict and pave the way for peaceful coexistence in the area.

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