International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Challenges to Refugee Food Self-reliance in Kyangwali Refugee Settlement as an approach to Refugee Self-reliance in Uganda
Robert Ayine, Fredrick R. Tumwine, Robert Kabumbuli

This paper explores the Uganda Refugee Self-Reliance Strategy with focus on the agricultural emphasizes in the strategy of food sufficient as a predictor of self-reliance. It established that low food production levels, inadequate land size, distraction from third country resettlement and the limited alternative livelihood activities were among the challenges to refugee self-reliant efforts. The results also showed that most crops grown in the settlement registered a decline in their average output levels putting the subsistence crop-cultivation based selfreliance strategy in jeopardy. Furthermore, the results showed that 78.22% of the refugees could not meet the maize threshold levels of 180kgs per per-capita per annum, an indicator that subsistence crop cultivation is unable to fully guarantee the realisation of self-reliance. The study recommends improving the current crop production levels, exploring non-agricultural livelihood options; and encouraging repatriation as a durable solution to the refugee plight.

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