International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Ethnicity and Craftwork: A Comparative Cross-national Study of the Definition and Classification of Craft
Daniel Roberto Vega Torres

Abstract
The article presents as problematic the relationship between ethnicity and craftsmanship in a system of capitalist production, ┬┐How the values and cultural identity affect the organization, definition, and classification of the labor force of a country? As methodology, is realized a comparative cross-national study in the countries of Mexico, United Kingdom, Brazil and France. For the development of this study, a first part defines the shape of ethnic recognition in each country studied; a second part, is exposed the definition of craftworks by country; and a third part, the classification of craft occupations relative to their vertical or horizontal integration to division of labor. Ethnicity and ethnic representations as a way of legitimizing identities and resistance identities, contribute to give meaning and shape to the classifications of craftworks, especially in the horizontal integration of activities in relation to all occupations, where specializing the production to the heritage aspect

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