International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Role of Left-Behind-Children Caretaker in Improving Learning Motivation Study in Adipala District, Cilacap Regency, Central Java Indonesia
Dewi Indah Pertiwi, Tyas Retno Wulan, Hendri Restuadhi

Adipala is a region in Cilacap, Indonesia, which has significant number of married women who work in abroad, known as Indonesia migrant workers/labors (IML). They flew overseas and left their family (children and husbands) behind. At that point, the family lost their main figure in taking care of the children. This is why these children often known as left-behind-children (LBC). In spite of this, such role usually took over by their husbands (father of the LBC) and or other members of the family (grand mother or aunt). In caring LBC, it is important to pay close attention to their education and by this means lifting up their learning motivation. This research aims at finding out the relation pattern between caretaker and LBC, as well as their effort to cope with the role and obstacle in raising up the LBC's learning motivation. This research uses descriptive qualitative method and has in-depth interviewing 29 informants (care taker of LBC). This research conducted in Welahan Wetan, Glempangpasir, and Pedasong, Adipala, Cilacap. The research shows that the caretakers have been caretaking the LBC for more than five years. The majority of the caretakers are the fathers of the LBC themselves whom also had his own job and consequently the bond between them is less intimate and the attempt to raise up the LBC's learning motivation is also less optimum. In order to keep the LBC well motivated, the caretakers give them advise, reward, and punishment.

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