International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Three-Dimensional Case Disposition in the Philippine Justice System: An Interface
Mario A. Garcia

This research intends to look into the performance of the three levels of Justice Processes in the Philippines taking Tabuk City, Kalinga as the model. As a result of the study, it reveals that the first level system the Barangay Justice performs better than the regular court in terms of settling disputes and maintaining peace to the community. It was also revealed that the Indigenous justice processes of Kalinga known as the “Bodong” performs more than enough in settling disputes since it covers all crimes provided the parties thereto decided to settle it through the intervention of the tribal larders “pangat”, its resolution is recognized by the regular court as a jurisprudence. Hence, it shows that the effect of mediation, conciliation and arbitration are deemed more effective because it does not only settle dispute but it carries with it a restorative effect towards the parties. In these systems, resolution is easily attained due to the voluntary nature on the part of the parties to settle their differences without any further cost. Under these circumstances, its effect to the community is more understanding and consideration.

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