International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Learning English in the 21st Century: For Globalization or Westernization?
Dr. Merah Souad, Dr. Tahraoui Ramdane

This Conceptual paper aims at analyzing the role of the English literary texts in transmitting values to students. It also aims to explain the hegemony of English as a global language and the role usually this language plays in spreading Western values in a globalized- Westernized world. A Literature review was conducted via a reflective analysis in which ideas grouping were made and recommendations were deducted. The findings have revealed that the usage of English is expanding in the four corners of the world at the expense of other local languages. Another important finding is that the English language is used as a vessel to spread Western cultural dominance under the pretext of globalization, as it is impossible to strip any language of its cultural context. Another undeniable fact observed in many countries in which English is taught as a second langue -especially ex British colonies- confirms that the usage of English in schools either as a second language or a medium of instruction is a new form of colonization, not less damaging than the conventional political and military invasions. It is believed that the findings of this study will contribute to knowledge in general. It can also be a starting point for academic practitioners, teachers, parents and students to understand the cultural and social dilemmas usually students face while learning English. And to realize how important to design English textbooks which take students’ cultural and social background into consideration to evade any elements of confusion and alienation.

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