International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

An Investigation of the Effects of Globalization and Trade Liberalization on Food Consumption and Food Security in Egypt
Att Chansiri

This paper presents a thorough examination of the effects of globalization and trade liberalization on food consumption and food security in Egypt. The paper uses a literature review type of approach, by collecting data and information from previously published studies, and other reputable sources, such as the World Bank, the United Nations, among others. This paper focuses on the economic and geographic aspects of the problem, and then delved on how globalization and trade liberalization can help Egypt solves its food consumption and food security dilemma. Egypt is an arid country confronted with considerable geographic and economic constraints. With limited arable land and low rainfall, Egypt's capacity for domestic food production is severely restricted, pushing the nation towards heavy reliance on food imports. Economic volatility and protectionist policies further exacerbate food insecurity, affecting particularly vulnerable demographic segments. This study explores how globalization and trade liberalization, if strategically deployed, could potentially address these challenges. It posits that these twin processes could diversify Egypt's food import sources, invite foreign investment, stimulate competition, and facilitate technological transfers to boost agricultural productivity. However, this approach also requires a careful examination of Egypt's existing economic policies and a commitment to reduce bureaucratic red tape and excessive regulations that may hinder progress. This paper's findings underscore the urgent need for policy realignment in Egypt to achieve sustainable food security amidst rapidly changing global conditions.

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