International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Comparison of Employment Policies for Re-Employment for Displaced Women in Taiwan and Other Countries
Sheng-Fu Yang, Chi-Hsin Wu

In Taiwan, the division of household labor is typically based on traditional gender roles or factors such as lower wages for women, resulting in a "male breadwinner, female homemaker" model. Men are responsible for employment and providing for the family, while women are responsible for childcare and household chores. This division has contributed to a consistently lower labor force participation rate among women compared to men. This study adopts a Document Analysis approach, referencing and analyzing policies from several countries, including (1) Japan's Parental and Family Care Leave Law and Act on Promotion of Women's Participation and Advancement in the Workplace; (2) South Korea's Act on the Promotion of Economic Activities of Career Interrupted Women; (3) Sweden's Parental Leave Policy. By referencing and reflecting on policies from other countries, this study proposes two policy recommendations: First, it suggests enhancing Taiwan's part-time work system. Recognizing that women often need to balance family and work responsibilities more than men, this policy encourages women to engage in part-time work with flexible hours to mitigate employment interruptions. The policy‟s focus should revolve around safeguarding the working conditions and welfare of part-time workers while enhancing their employment stability. Second, the study advocates for the promotion of non-disruption in care giving. Given Taiwan's challenges, including an aging population, low birth rates, and a shortage of long-term care personnel, it emphasizes learning from Japan's zero-career disruption policy to prevent primary caregivers, primarily women, from interrupting their employment due to family care giving responsibilities.

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